Uttaranchal Wildlife » Rajaji National Park Uttaranchal
About Rajaji Wildlife Sanctuary
Rajaji National Park is distinct for its pristine scenic beauty and rich biodiversity. A paradise for nature lovers and wildlife enthusiasts. The wildlife of the park is blessed with elephants, tigers, leopards, deer and ghorals as its best known life forms.
Rajaji National Park is a single contiguous park consisting of several distinct vegetation zones. These include broadleaved deciduous forests, riverine vegetation, grasslands, and pine forests in the upper reaches. Rajaji's history of conservation has been rather rocky in the recent past. The park's been besieged by a host of problems, ranging from soil erosion to poaching. Despite all these issues, Rajaji continues to be one of northern India's major wildlife reserves- and one of the best places to see the fauna and flora of the terai.
Flora & Fauna in Rajaji National Park:
Several important herbivores like Asian elephants, spotted deer, sambhar, barking Deer, goral, blue bull (Neel Gai), hog deer, wild boar, Rhesus monkey and common langur occur in the park. Among the important carnivores areTiger and Leopard, the smaller carnivores as copredators are Leopard cat, Jungle cat , Civet cat and Yellow Throated Martin. Besides, other mammals like hyaena, jackal and bengal fox are not an uncommon sight and work as scavangers in the park. In all 49 species of mammals belonging to 42 genera, in 21 families and nine orders have been recorded.
According to census done in 1999 there are 445 elephants, 32 tigers and 177 leopards, besides thousands of other wild animals in the park. 315 species of birds are reported to occur in the park. Birds like ducks, teals, cormorants, egrets, lapwing, pond herons, pea fowl, jungle fowl, various species of partridges and pheasants, drongo, crows, owlets and nightjars, birds of prey, etc, are quite common. Twenty eight species of snakes, 12 species of turtles & tortoises and 9 species of lizards among Reptilia are being recorded from the park.
Main Attractions of Rajaji National Park:
Herd of Elephants, Leopard, Jungle Cat, Himalayan Yellow Throated Marten, Sambhar, Cheetal, Barking Deer, Wild Boar, Slothy Bear, Langoor, Goral, Monitori Lizard, Python, Civet and King Cobra.
How to reach Rajaji National Park
Air: Jolly Grant, Dehradun is the nearest airport from the national park.
Rail: Nearest railhead is situated at Haridwar/Rishikesh.
Road: Rajaji National Park is accessible from many directions by road, rail and air. Bus services and overnight trains are available for Dehradun and Haridwar from Delhi and Lucknow. From Delhi-231 kms. (Mohand Gate No.2) From Lucknow - 509 kms. (Ranipur Gate no.4).
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